2. Member Cities
  3. Member Cities of Europe

Member Cities

Member Cities of Europe

Alba Iulia

Romania ~ Member of the LHC since 2016 ~

Alba Iulia is the other Capital of Romania, a place full of history and endowed with the largest Vauban Citadel in South East Europe – Alba Carolina Citadel. Its origins date back for over 2000 years of continuous history encompassing the Daco-Roman eras, the Medieval and Baroque eras and ultimately the modern era. It is the place where modern Romania was born and where the national day of Romania is being celebrated each year on December 1st. In short, Alba Iulia is the most interesting capital you have never heard of!



Kingdom of the Netherland ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Amsterdam's origins date back to the early 13th century, when it was founded along the bank of the river Amstel as a trading port. Through a prosperous and expanding center throughout the middle Ages,, Amsterdam's world-wide commercial relations and trade activities in the 17th century marked the zenith of its wealth and power.



Hellenic Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Athens is the political, economic and cultural center of Greece and hosts nearly all of the country's governmental activities. Athens contains important archaeological sites reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the city and is home to seven major universities, 26 museums, two opera houses, 23 theaters and 51 movie theaters.


Bad Ischl

Republic of Austria ~ Member of the LHC since 2010 ~

Bad Ischl is a spa town lying in the southern part of Upper Austria. The city became a fashionable spa resort with notable guests in the first half of the 19th century, when medical science discovered the effects on health of the local salt water. This led to the growing wealth of the place, still documented today in countless historical buildings.



Spain ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Barcelona constitutes an important economic and commercial nucleus which has had an influence throughout Spain and the Mediterranean basin. During its 2,000 years of history, the city has seen the passing of many civilizations whose architectural and artistic remains live together in perfect harmony with the latest trends in architecture, urbanism, art and design.

The Host City of the 3rd
World Conference of Historical Cities in 1991



French Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Bordeaux's history as a Roman province, then a region long covered by England and a major French port has supported its historical identity as a city of international repute. As a city of commerce and world-wide center in the wine trade, Bordeaux is also home to a range of thriving economic activities that combine with modernity.



Slovak Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Although the origin of Bratislava dates back to prehistoric times, present-day Bratislava is a modern city with an active social scene. It is the seat of key central institutions and the center for culture, trade, services and education. To preserve the historical splendor for which Bratislava is so renowned, the core of the city is now undergoing massive restoration.



Kingdom of Belgium ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Brussels was founded in 979 and quickly grew to become a place of commercial and political powers. Early on, the city became renowned throughout Europe for its scarlet-colored wool and its richly adorned tapestries. Though Brussels was damaged by the Second World War, it remains one of Europe's most beautiful cities and continues to remain as an influential force in the European Community.



Kingdom of Hungary ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

The faithfully preserved historic core of Budapest is characterized by numerous fine edifices and urban structures of three original towns. Budapest's unique charm derives from the city's ideal natural location and rich architectural heritage. The Castle District, the seat of Hungarian kings, is one of Europe's best preserved royal seats.



Ukraine ~ Member of the LHC since 2010 ~

Chernivtsi is a city in the south-west of Ukraine and is about 50 km away from the border with Romania and the Republic of Moldova. Its location at the crossroads of the trade route and states’ boundaries had greatly influenced the city development. Historically, as a cultural and architectural center, the City was even dubbed Little Vienna, Jerusalem upon the Prut, and the European Alexandria.



Federal Republic of Germany ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Cologne, the oldest of the major German cities, began as the town of the Ubiis in 38 B.C. The city developed along the Rhine River at around the river's halfway point. Cologne is famous as a sightseeing destination and cultural center. The Cologne Cathedral is one of Europe's finest standing examples of Gothic style architecture and the most visited building in Germany.



Romania ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

Constanta is located in the south-eastern extremity of Romania and is the center of economy and administration of Constanta County. The city has the largest port on the Black Sea and the fourth largest port in Europe. Constanta, the old Greek citadel Tomis, has an impressive history of 2500 years.



Spain ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

This city's history is over 2,000 years old. The Romans made it capital of the rich province of the Baetica; with the Moslems it turned into the principal city and center of the Occidental Caliphate. The different cultures that have met in its grounds through the centuries enrich it. The Mosque Aljama, with a Christian cathedral, crowns the jewel made up of the white and mottled groups of dwellings in its historical center. This valuable setting was declared a World Heritage City by the UNESCO in 1994.



Republic of Poland ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Since its early history as a Slavic village, Cracow became a key cultural link between Eastern and Western Europe in the 10th century. Today many medieval buildings remain in the center of the city, the most impressive of which is Wawel Castle, a Romanesque-Gothic castle. Another very important city monument is the Jagiellonian University complex where the astronomer Copernicus studied in the 15th century.

The Host City of the 6th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 1998



French Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 2004 ~

The Dukedom of Bourgogne went to extremes of luxury between the 14th and 15th centuries. This Dukedom has developed its own unique politics and culture since the 11th century. Dijon is a distinctive city with a style of its own, and was the central city of the Dukedom of Bourgogne, who opposed the French royal family in Paris. Dijon remains in the middle of the Bourgogne area and is located about 300 km south-east of Paris.



Ireland ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Dublin is as sophisticated as any other metropolis but it still remains as intimate as a village and as friendly as a pub. Medieval, Georgian and modern architecture provide a romantic backdrop to the city's friendly, bustling port area. Dublin is also home to a great literary tradition and contemporary music.



United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Edinburgh Castle and the city's medieval Old Town, with its vennels (streets) running off the Royal Mile spine, dominate the skyline. Separated from the Old Town by a valley containing Princes Street Garden is the Georgian New Town, the world's most extensive example of romantic classicism.



Republic of Italy ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Florence is the capital of the central Italian region of Tuscany. The name of the city derives from the old Italian "Fiorenza", meaning City of Flowers. Florence is famous as the city where the greatest age of the Renaissance was established by the rule of the Medici family between the 15th and 17th centuries.

The Host City of the 2nd
Conference of World Historical Cities in 1988.



Swiss Confederation ~ Member of the LHC since 2004 ~

Geneva is situated on a hill at the end of Lake Leman, at the mouth of the Rhone. In the Gallic period, a citadel dominated the hill, with a bridge spanning the Rhone, supported on the island in the middle of the river. In the year 58 BC, the emperor Julius Caesar caused this bridge to be cut, in order to stop the Helvetii from emigrating to the south-west of Gaul. Traces of villas and defensive walls from that period can still be found.


The Hague

Kingdom of the Netherland ~ Member of the LHC since 1998 ~

Guide to national political direction, The Hague is now playing a greater role than ever in affecting the path of the country and business in the new Europe. Seat of national government, city of diplomacy and international relations, Royal Residence, home to the International Court of Justice, and city in which the world's first peace conference was ever held in 1899, The Hague has long played the role of the unseen fixer.



Kingdom of Sweden ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

Helsingborg is beautifully situated at the strait of Oresund between Sweden and Denmark. Its history dates back to the Viking Age, when and up to 1658 the southernmost part of Sweden belonged to Denmark. During that time the castle of Helsingborg (Karnan) was a stronghold for the Danish King. Since then the town has developed into one of the most important ports of Scandinavia and into an industrial, commercial and cultural center as well.



Romania ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

Iasi, one of the oldest towns in the area, constitutes the cultural capital of Romania and the most important historic, industrial and economic center of the Eastern part of the country. Iasi is famous as the city of poetry and great romances. The Town of Seven Hills has more than 200 spots of tourist interest - monuments, museums, memorial houses, parks and public gardens; tradition interacting with modernity.



Russian Federation ~ Member of the LHC since 2001 ~

Kazan was founded in the year of 1005 as a military fortress and trading point of the Volga Bulgaria State which was the largest medieval state of Eastern Europe. By the second half of the 16th century, Kazan became one of the most important cities in Eastern Europe. The city is located between Europe and Asia, where the Silk Road had crossed. Kazan became the capital of Tatar Autonomic Republic from 1920, and now is the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian federation.



Ukraine ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Kiev is situated on the banks of the Dnieper River and has a colorful history of nearly 1,500 years. In the 10th century Kiev's Prince Vladimir introduced Christianity as the state religion, and by the 11th century, Kiev had become one of the largest and finest cities in the Christian world.



Lithuania ~ Member of the LHC since 2017 ~

Klaipėda is third biggest city in Lithuania. The town of Klaipėda (Memel) was founded in 1252. Klaipėda is a unique Lithuanian city by virtue of its colorful and turbulent history and also because the Old Town‘s architectural style is similar to many western European cities with which it had close links.
Klaipėda, with its rich history, traditions, cultural life, unique architecture, has become an outstanding tourism attraction centre.



Georgia ~ Member of the LHC since 2012 ~

Kutaisi is one of the oldest cities in Georgia, and the second largest. It is located on both banks of the Rioni River. Here the Rioni makes it way across the Kolcheti plane. The history of Kutaisi dates back more than 3500 years. The Bagrati Cathedral and the Gelati Monastery are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.




Portuguese Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Originally a harbor city constructed by the Phoenicians around 1200 B.C., Lisbon owes its name (Olissipus) to the legendary Greek hero Ulysses, who is said to have disembarked at the harbor of what is today Lisbon. Among the city's many historical sites, the tomb of the explorer Vasco da Gama is located in the Jeronimos Monastery.




Republic of Slovenia ~ Member of the LHC since 2013 ~

Ljubljana is a city standing at the crossroads of European history and culture, where, over centuries, influences from the west and east, north and south have mixed. It lies at the juncture where Romanic, Germanic and Slavic worlds meet. We can argue that it is this crucial position that - through the centuries - provided for extremely rich cultural heritage dating back to prehistoric times and is today reflected in the vibrant tempo and cultural life of the city. Prehistoric heritage of Ljubljana’s marsh is a cultural heritage inscribed on the UNESCO list. A unique place in the history of Ljubljana is the period of Roman Emona. (Photography by T.Jeseničnik)



Ukraine ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Lutsk is the capital of Volyn Oblast, located in north-western Ukraine. It is known as the oldest city in Ukraine. Its history dates back to 1085. The historical role of the city is that it was the last capital of Volyn-Galician Rus,a southern residence of Lithuanian grand dukes from the 14th to 15th centuries.



Ukraine ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

The historic city center of Lviv is on the UNESCO World Heritage List and the City is one of the cultural, educational and historical centers not only of Ukraine but Europe as well. Due to its unique geopolitical location, the City has always attracted prominent, charismatic personalities and the exclusive atmosphere of Galychyna inspired them to greater accomplishments.



Republic of Belarus ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Minsk is the capital and largest city in Belarus, and is one of the most ancient and beautiful cities in Europe. Its cultural, historical and architectural heritage counts more than nine hundred years. During this time the city has witnessed many historic events, and many a time has been reduced to ruins and then built anew.



French Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

Founded in 985 AD, Montpellier has since the 12th century been famous for its medical faculty. It has always been a cosmopolitan city, open to the sea and influences from all over the Mediterranean. It has numerous private houses dating to the 17th and 18th centuries. Later developments blend harmoniously with the old town; sensitive town planning, an emphasis on culture and the quality of life, a dynamic Technopolis.

The Host City of the 7th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 2000



Georgia ~ Member of the LHC since 2010 ~

Mtskheta is located approximately 20 kilometers north-west of the present capital of Georgia, Tbilisi. In the beginning of the third century B.C. the King Farnaoz founded the Georgian kingdom, declared Mtskheta the capital of the country, and created the alphabet. Mtskheta played an important role as a political, religious and cultural center of the kingdom for more than 800 years.



Republic of Cyprus ~ Member of the LHC since 2006 ~

Nicosia, the capital of the republic of Cyprus for the last 800 years, is the seat of government and the island’s administrative, political economic and cultural center. Nicosia is still the only divided capital in Europe and the buffer zone cuts the city from east to west and runs through its historic center, the walled city of Nicosia. Nicosia carries a history spanning 6,000 years.



Republic of Serbia ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

Nis is the second-largest city in the country, located in south-eastern Serbia. Nis is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West. Nis is also notable as the birthplace of Constantine the Great, the first Roman Emperor, who was born in 272.



The United Kingdom ~ Member of the LHC since 2007 ~

The history of Norwich goes back to the 8th century. By the time the Norman French invaded the City in 1066, it was one of the most highly populated cities in England and became the location for a Royal Castle, which has been described as "the finest secular building of its period in Europe." In 1096, the Normans commenced construction of the Cathedral, which remains one of the most complete Norman buildings in Europe.



Ukraine ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Odessa is the fourth-largest city in Ukraine. The city is a mix of many nationalities and ethnic groups. The mixture of ethnic cultures determined its unique characteristics and formed urban cultural surroundings which differ according to its respect for traditions of different peoples and openness to cultural initiatives from Western and Eastern partners.



French Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

The design and scale of Paris has been a masterpiece of harmony for 400 years, since the time of Henry IV. Among the city's many enlightened design concepts are a series of regulations that determine the height of buildings according to the width of the street they stand on. The Marais District and the Seine River have been added by UNESCO to the list of World Heritage Sites.



Czech Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Due to its 1,100 years of development, historic Prague constitutes a unique urban and architectural phenomenon. The city boasts all architectural styles from the Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance styles to all phases of the Baroque period. Over 2,800 cultural monuments protected by law are currently registered throughout the territory of the city of Prague.



Republic of Latvia ~ Member of the LHC since 2007 ~

Riga is famous for the beautiful harbor called the "Baltic Pearl," and its old town, the historic center of Riga, is a World Heritage Site, inscribed upon the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997. Since the landing of Bishop Albert in 1201, Riga had been invaded by various countries, so the city has numbers of architectural styles including Romanesque, Baroque and Gothic. The city is described as like a huge museum of architecture.



Republic of Italy ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Rome was founded by Romulus in 753 B.C. Rome's history and monuments make it a unique city. Millennia of history have left behind a heritage of arts, culture and architecture in Rome. Many historical remains have survived in the old city, such as the Palatine Hill associated with ancient Rome, the Coliseum Amphitheater and the Caracalla baths.


Santiago de Compostela

Spain ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

Political and administrative capital of the Galician Region, founded around Apostle James' tomb in the 9th century, and an archbishop's seat. Declared a World Heritage site in 1985. It is the most important touristic and cultural center in northwest Spain. The Goal of St. James' Way was also declared a World Heritage site in 1993.



Bosnia and Herzegovina ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

Sarajevo is the capital city and largest urban center of the country. Although settlement in the area stretches back to prehistoric times, the modern city arose as an Ottoman stronghold in the 15th century. The city is famous for its traditional religious diversity, with adherents of Islam, Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Judaism coexisting there for centuries.



Republic of Azerbaijan ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Sheki is the 4th-largest city in the country, located in north Azerbaijan. Its history dates back to the Bronze Age 2700 years ago. There are traces of large-scale settlements in the City. Sheki has been also known as a city of silk industry since olden times.



French Republic ~ Member of the LHC since 2010 ~

Located on the Rhine, where France and Germany meet each other, and very close to Switzerland, Belgium and Luxembourg, Strasbourg is one of the most dynamic regions in Europe. The historic district known as "Grande-Ile" in Strasbourg offers a unique urban landscape characteristic of middle Europe and a unique example of Rhine domestic architecture from the 15th to18th century.


Veliko Turnovo

Republic of Bulgaria ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

Veliko Tunovo is a city in north-central Bulgaria and an important administrative, economic, educational and cultural center of Northern Bulgaria. The city flourished as the capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom in the 12th century. It is known that ancient travelers wrote about the town as "the second after Constantinople" in its beauty and might.



Republic of Italy ~ Member of the LHC since 2013 ~

Founded in the 5th century and spread over 118 small islands, Venice is known as the "city on water": over half of the 415 k㎡ of the Municipality’s area comprises its Lagoon, while the historical centre – the "fish" as it is widely known – is only 8 k㎡ wide. Venice's Lagoon is one of the oldest examples of the complex relationship between man and nature, and its stunning landscape harbours great treasures of art and architecture. UNESCO included Venice in 1987 on its list of World Heritage sites. The UN, for its part, nominated Venice in 2011 as a "model city for resilience in the preservation of cultural heritage". The Municipality of Venice has just under 300,000 inhabitants: 60,000 live in the historical centre's "fish" and another 30,000 or so live on the outlying islands of the Lagoon. Venice is a tourist city. Visitors in 2013 exceeded 15 million, of which about ten million spent at least one night in its many hotels and B&Bs.



Republic of Austria ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Vienna is the capital of Austria with a history of more than 2,000 years. Throughout its history, Vienna has been an important point of interchange between German cultures to the west and Slavic and Balkan cultures to the east. Vienna is also known as the city of music whose name is strongly associated with many great composers such as Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Brahms and Johann Strauss.



Republic of Croatia ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Situated in the south of Central Europe, Zagreb developed on the crossroads between Eastern and Western Europe and between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean. The city flourished in the 13th and 14th centuries, growing into the major commercial center of northern Croatia. Since the 18th century, Zagreb has developed continually as the political, cultural and economic capital of Croatia.