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Member Cities

Member Cities of Asia

Andong

Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 2004 ~

Andong is located in the Northern part of Gyeongsangbuk-do in Korea. Andong has 5000 years of history and tradition including well-preserved ancient Buddhist, Confucian, and Protestant cultures, which uniquely exist together. In 1999, Queen Elizabeth II of England found Andong the most suitable place to visit in Korea to discover the traditional life and breath of our nation’s long history.

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Buyeo

Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 2006 ~

Buyeo is located in southern part of Chungnam prefecture. It used to be called “Soburi” and changed its name to Buyeo in the Unified Silla Kingdom. With its Songguk-ri prehistoric dwelling sites, Buyeo is well known as the home of traditional culture. Buyeo was the home of beautiful culture and art which prospered during the reign of six kings over a period of 123 years.

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Chengdu

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 2006 ~

Chengdu is the capital city of Sichuan Province and is located in the west part of Chengdu plain. Chengdu has been playing an important role in the field of politics, transportation and industry as the huge cosmopolitan (12,300k㎡).Chengdu plain is a land of abundance with temperate climate and fertile soil.

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Chiang Mai

Kingdom of Thailand ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Located in northern Thailand, Chiang Mai is the second largest city in the country. The deep-rooted culture of Chiang Mai stems from the fact that the city was the capital of Lanna Thai, which dates back to the 13th century, the same period as Thailand's first capital, Sukhothai.

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Gongju

Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Gonju city is located in the southwest of Chungcheong Province in South Korea. Beginning from 475 A.D. to 538 A.D. (64years), it has established its tradition and history as the Baekje kingdom for millenary until today. From 1602 A.D., it was enshrined as the capital administration in Chungchung district for 330 years as the repository of Baekje's cultural heritage.

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Gyeongju

Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

For nearly 1,000 years, from 57 B.C. to 935 A.D., Kyongju was the capital of the Shilla kingdom and flourished as a center of sophisticated culture and government. It is said that the city is like an open-air museum. In the center of the city, the Tumulus Park houses some 20 large and small tombs from the Shilla Dynasty.

The Host City of the 9th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 2005

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Hanoi

Socialist Republic of Viet Nam ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

The name of Hanoi means "within the rivers" and is derived from its position at the central point of the delta between the Red River and its tributary, the Day River. During the early part of the 11th century, Viet Nam was united for the first time by the Ly people, who set up their capital at Tanron, a castle town located on the site of present-day Hanoi.

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Hue

Socialist Republic of Viet Nam ~ Member of the LHC since 2006 ~

Hue is located in central Vietnam on the banks of the Sông Hương (PerfumeRiver), just a few miles west of the South China Sea. It is about 540 km south of the national capital of Hanoi and about 644 km north of Hồ Chí Minh City. There are the royal citadel, emperor's tomb, etc in the center of the historic city.

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Kaesong

Democratic People's Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Kaesong, with a history of more than 1,000 years, was founded as the capital of Koryo, the first unified state in Korea which lasted for over five centuries. Since ancient times, Kaesong has enjoyed a world-wide reputation as a center of Koryo Insam cultivation. The city boasts an abundance of historical remains, museums, palaces and important tombs.

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Kamakura

Japan ~ Member of the LHC since 2013 ~

Kamakura is where the first samurai government was established in Japan. For 150 years from 1180 onwards, Kamakura became the center of Japan in all aspects of politics, diplomacy, and culture. Urban development took advantage of the terrain surrounded by mountains and sea, which made it suitable for defense. Kamakura is still encircled by lush greenery today, and is a town where many items of historical heritage co-exist alongside residents’ everyday lives. (Photograph provided by Kamakura City Tourist Association)

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Kanazawa

Japan ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

The history of Kanazawa dates back to 420 years ago, when the Kaga clan established a town around Kanazawa castle. Since then, Kanazawa has not been damaged by any war so that the original structure of the town has been preserved and historical buildings still exist today. Also, many traditional cultural activities and crafts have been passed down and developed through the generations.

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Kathmandu

Kingdom of Nepal ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters, the valley in which Kathmandu is located is surrounded by green mountains. The abundance of shrines, temples, palaces, squares, ageless sculptures and legends associated with the city make Kathmandu in every way a living museum. Within the city, there are as many temples as there are houses and as many statues as inhabitants.

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Kyoto

Japan ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Kyoto was the capital of Japan for 1,000 years until the transfer of government to Tokyo after the Imperial Restoration in 1868. Kyoto is rich with architectural masterpieces and artistic works. About 20% of Japan's National Treasures are in Kyoto. In 1994 seventeen historic monuments of ancient Kyoto were designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The Host City of the 4th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 1994

The Host City of the 1st
World Conference of Historical Cities in 1987

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Naha

Japan ~ Member of the LHC since 2013 ~

The City of Naha is the capital of Okinawa Prefecture, and also its political, economic and cultural center. Located along the East China Sea, it has long been a port serving as an interface between Japan and overseas countries. While nurturing its own culture, Naha has been influenced by both Japan and Asian countries, and as a result created the unique culture of the Ryukyu Kingdom. Shikina-en garden, the ruins of Shurijo Castle, Sonohyan-utaki Stone Gate and Tama-ryo Mausoleum, designated as Special Places of Scenic Beauty by the National government, were registered as World Heritage sites under the appelation “Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Ryukyu Kingdom” in 2000. Thus, many cultural properties with historical value remain in this wonderful city, reminding us of the glorious era of the Ryukyu Kingdom.

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Nanjing

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province. The city boasts a long history and a rich culture. The history of Nanjing began in 472 B.C., when the king of Yue Kingdom conquered the Wu Kingdom and built up the city southwest of Zhonghua Gate. Since the third century, ten dynasties established their regimes in this city and left behind brilliant cultural relics.

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Nara

Japan ~ Member of the LHC since 1997 ~

The city of Nara was established as the capital named Heijokyo in the year 710 and has been the cradle of the Japanese arts and the essence of culture. In Nara, as an international cultural-tourism city, one can encounter the rich elegant ambience of the Tempyo culture which flourished as the eastern terminal point of the Silk Road. Nara has been registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is engaged in restoring its monuments, which will leave them as a legacy for the future.

The Host City of the 12th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 2010

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Suwon

Republic of Korea ~ Member of the LHC since 2014 ~

Suwon, located in the southern part of the capital Seoul, is the center city of politics, the economy, transportation, culture, education and sports in Gyeonggi-do Province and houses Samsung Electronics, the World’s largest IT company. “Hwaseong Fortress,” the symbol and pride of Suwon, was built in the late Joseon Dynasty and is considered the best of the oriental fortresses characterized by the grandiosity of the East and the splendor and practicality of the West. The site was designated a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in 1997.

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Taichung

Chinese Taipei ~ Member of the LHC since 2016 ~

Taichung City is located in the center of west side of Taiwan Island. Its name also derives from this geographic fact which means “the middle of Taiwan Island” in Chinese. Due to its geographic location, Taichung has a pleasant climate, resulting in several prehistorical cultural sites such as the Niumatou Site and Huilai Site. In the 17th century, Taichung was once a trade and exchange center. From the 1920s, the “Taiwan Cultural Association,” which is considered to be the spark for the rise of the enlightenment movement. They chose Taichung as their base of operations, which gathered a lot of intellectuals. Taichung therefore gradually came to be called “the city of culture,” and has numerous historical sites and former residences of those intellectuals. Currently Taichung has more than 100 historical sites and buildings, many of which have turned into the highlights of Taichung after revitalization.

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Tainan

Chinese Taipei  ~ Member of the LHC since 2012 ~

Tainan is the fifth largest city and was the first city to be developed on Taiwan Island. The areas along the Tai River were inhabited by people long before the Dutch rule in the 17th century. It was the capital of Taiwan prefecture under the rule of the Qing Dynasty until 1887. Now it is the homeland of many cultural heritages and has some 300 ancient sanctuaries, from the island's first Confucian temple to its first Taoist temple.

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Ulan Bator

Mongolia ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Ulan Bator was called Ikh Khuree (1706-1911), Niisei Khuree (1911-1923) and finally Ulan Bator from 1924. Ulan Bator means "Red Hero." Ulan Bator is situated on the banks of the river Tuul and is surrounded by the beautiful foothills of the Khangai mountain range with the Bogd Khan Mountain facing the city.

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Varanasi

India ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Varanasi is acknowledged as one of the most ancient cities in the world and the foremost sacred city of pilgrimage in India. The origin of the city is lost in antiquity and only mythological stories exist prior to the 6th century B.C., when the Lord Buddha preached his first sermon just outside the city to his first five disciples.

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Wuxi

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 2016 ~

Wuxi is known as the Shining Pearl of Taihu Lake. It is located in the Southeast of Jiangsu Province. Wuxi is nationally well-known as the land of rice and fish. In the early 1970s, Wuxi’s township enterprises led the way nationwide. With a history of more than 3000 years, it is also the birthplace of China’s national commerce and industry.

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Xian

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Xian became the capital of Zhou around 1100 B.C. and continued for the next 2,000 years to be the capital for 11 Chinese dynasties. As the greatest achievement of the Tang Dynasty, Xian was systematically planned on the basis of a regular street grid inside the walls of a castle. Today Xian is drawing world-wide attention as a business and scientific center.

The Host City of the 5th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 1996

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Yangon

Union of Myanmar ~ Member of the LHC since 1996 ~

The origin of Yangon can be traced back to the time of King Okkalapa who built the city of Okklapa on the present site and the famous Shwedagon Pagoda in the 6th century B.C. From the 11th century, the King became known as Dagon, and the place existed as an obscure fishing village. In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered lower Myanmar and renamed the city Yangon, meaning "end of strife".

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Yangzhou

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 2009 ~

Located in the middle part of Jiangsu Province, Southeastern China and the confluence of Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal and Yangtze River, Yangzhou has been the hub of water transportation and prospered as the center of business and culture. As one of the famous ancient cities of China, Yangzhou has a history of nearly 2500 years. Numbers of gardens and the old townscape are well-preserved in the City.

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Yogyakarta

Republic of Indonesia ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Yogyakarta became the Kingdom of Yogyakarta in 1755, with the construction of the Pangeran Mangkubumi (The Sultan's Palace) for the founder and the first king of the kingdom. As the city's oldest structure, with its origins in the philosophical principles of Javanese culture, the palace has remained the center of the city's government and the center of Javanese culture.

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Zhengzhou

People's Republic of China ~ Member of the LHC since 2004 ~

Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan province, is located in Central China, to the north of which runs the Yellow River, the birthplace of civilization. Zhengzhou is the political, economic and cultural center of Henan province. Meanwhile, Zhengzhou is famous as an historical and cultural city. The citadel from the “Sho” period, about 3,600 years ago, still remains within the city. Zhengzhou currently works hard to develop excellent tourism routes with historical culture.

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