2. Member Cities
  3. Member Cities of North Africa, Middle East, Central & West Asia

Member Cities

Member Cities of North Africa, Middle East, Central & West Asia


Arab Republic of Egypt ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Alexandria was named after Alexander the Great, who ordered the foundation of the city in 332 B.C. Alexandria, often referred to as "The Bride of the Mediterranean," is the largest port in Egypt and the headquarters for the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office for the World Health Organization.



Democratic People's Republic of Algeria ~ Member of the LHC since 1997 ~

The capital city of Algeria is located on the Mediterranean coast, set against forested mountains and overlooking a bay. The modern city of Algiers is formed of two parts. The lower part is the French-built new town with wide boulevards, and all the cultural trappings of colonialism like an opera house, cathedrals, theatres, and museums. The Casbah or old city forms the upper part of Algiers, replete with labyrinthine passageways and a 16th century walled fortress.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 2011 ~

Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view. There are many finely preserved remains of them.



Republic of Iraq ~ Member of the LHC since 1997 ~

Founded in AD762 by Abu Jafar al Mansur, the city of Baghdad was originally built on the west bank of the Tigris River. Circular Walls enclosed the city, and although its original name was Madinat al Salam (City of Peace), it was more popularly known as the Round City. At the city's center were the caliph's palace and the grand mosque. November 15th is designated as Day of Baghdad. A festival is held on this day to celebrate the anniversary of the establishment of the city.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 2010 ~

Bursa is the only city in Turkey associated with the word "green." It is located in the north-west of Turkey and is considered as a bridge between Asia and Europe. Bursa has a strong industry, pioneered by the automotive, machinery and foodstuff sectors. Bursa is the treasury of history; it is a city proud of its cultural heritage thanks to many monuments from Byzantine, Ottoman and Republican periods.



Kingdom of Morocco ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Fez was established in the 8th century by Idriss I. In the early 9th century, Idriss II made the city the capital of Morocco's longest Islamic dynasty and added royal palaces, mosques and a castle wall around the city. At present, Fez is characterized by the bustling energy of Fez Jedid, new palaces, beautiful government buildings and an ancient castle.



Arab Republic of Egypt ~ Member of the LHC since 2014 ~

Giza is a plateau southwest of modern Cairo which served as the necropolis for the royalty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. Most famous for the pyramids of Khufu (completed in 2550 BCE), Khafre (2520 BCE), Menkaure (2490 BCE) and the Great Sphinx (built 2500 BCE), recent excavations on the plateau have revealed numerous private tomb complexes and workers' quarters.  GIZA is the third-largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, some 20 km southwest of central Cairo. Giza's population is 8 million. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location in respect to Memphis, the ancient capital. "Mn Nefer" (Memphis, in Greek)—which means "the beautiful wall" in the ancient Egyptian language—was the capital city of the first unified Egyptian state since the days of Pharaoh Narmer.




Palestine ~ Member of the LHC since 2012 ~

The City of Hebron is located in the southern part of the West Bank of Palestine and home to an estimated 250,000 Palestinians, the largest city in the West Bank. Hebron has millennia of history since it was built by Canaanites in the Early Bronze Age and bears religious significance derived from its historical sanctity. Ibrahimi Mosque (Cave of the Patriarchs) stands in the middle of the Hebron Old City.





Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Historically, Isfahan dates back to ancient times. However, most of its preserved monuments date from the Islamic era when the city was the capital of Iran from the 7th to the17th centuries. Isfahan's numerous cultural treasures and historical splendors comprised of palaces, mosques, churches, bazaars and beautiful bridges, make it one of the most beautiful cities in Asia Minor.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Istanbul, the only city in the world built on two continents, has an infinite variety of interesting sights and places. Among the many outstanding examples are the Topkapi Palace of the Ottoman Sultans, the St. Irine Museums built by Emperor Constantine in the 4th century and the Sultanahmet Mosque built by the architect Mehmet between 1609-1616.



State of Israel ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Today, Jerusalem is the largest and most populated city in Israel - a fascinating mosaic of different religions and people. This mixture and the city's extraordinary range of historical relics make Jerusalem a major tourist center. Its unique history, historical monuments and archaeological sites make the city one of the world's most important repositories for western and eastern civilization.



Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 2015 ~

Kashan is an historical, cultural, tourist and beautiful city located between Tehran and Isfahan, with a population over 350,000 in 2015. Archeological discoveries in the Kashan Sialk hillocks show that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic times. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years. The presence of a wide variety of houses, shrines, mosques, historical Bazaar and other historical sites has added to the glory of Kashan. The most important of which are Sialk ancient hills, Fin garden and old houses, carpet washing ceremony at Mashhad Ardehal, Kashan rosewater, Kashan carpet, wonderful desert, Nooshabad underground city, Niasar waterfalls, Qamsar and Barzok rose centers and many more.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 1997 ~

The City of Konya became the center of culture, art and politics in the 12th or 13th centuries. Many Islamic scientists, artists and architects were invited to Konya, and they contributed to the spread of such knowledge. Thus Konya prospered as a center of the Islamic world. Many theological schools and mosques were built in those days.

The Host City of the 11th
World Conference of Historical Cities in 2008



Islamic Republic of Pakistan ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Lahore, Pakistan's second largest city and the capital of the State of Punjab, lies on a plain made fertile by the Ravi River. A circular road that marks the position of Mugal era castle walls encloses the old city, where mosques and shops along the city's narrow street continue to retain their ancient appearance. There are many legacies of the Mughal era in the city.



Arab Republic of Egypt ~ Member of the LHC since 2013 ~

The modern town of Luxor is the site of the famous city of Thebes (Waset in ancient Egyptian), the city of a hundred gates. Luxor City dates back to pre-historical times. It is one of the most iconic monumental cities in the world, a city of civilization; its roots are deeply entrenched in history, witnessing the splendor of man's arts and science from seven thousand years ago. Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum," as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs on the West Bank Necropolis, which include the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens.



Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 2015 ~

Located on the Silk-Road, Nayshabur is one of the most ancient cities in Iran. Recent archaeological discoveries have shown that Nayshabur participated in trade with the Indus River Valley in Pakistan and part of Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. The tomb of Omar Khayyám, who was born in Nayshabur in 1048 and is a well-known Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet, is located within Nayshabur.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 2008 ~

Osmangazi is the biggest city of Bursa Province, which is the fourth-biggest province in Turkey. With a population of 700,000, Osmangazi is Bursa's biggest city and the 8th-biggest city in Turkey as well. The city is known as “the first capital of the Ottomans” and its Ottoman city features convey the past to the future with approximately 1,800 registered historical buildings.



Republic of Turkey ~ Member of the LHC since 2011 ~

Sanliurfa is located in south-eastern Turkey, and is the capital of Sanliurfa Province. The history of Sanliurfa is recorded from the 4th century BC, but may date back to 9000 B.C., for which there is ample evidence from the surrounding sites at Duru, Harran and Nevali Cori. It was one of several cities in the Euphrates-Tigris basin, the cradle of the Mesopotamian civilization. Sanliurfa was conquered repeatedly throughout history, and has been dominated by many civilizations.



Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 2014 ~

Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran and regarded as one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia. It is known as a city of poets, literature, wine and flowers. The earliest reference to the city is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters, due to the encouragement of its ruler and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1781, as well as briefly during the Saffarid period.



Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 2018 ~

Tabriz, located in the northwestern part of Iran with 4,000 years of history, is one of the most ancient cities in Iran and the world. It has been the capital of Iran for 185 years in history and was the 4th biggest city of the world in 1500 AD.Standing on the main connecting road between Asia and Europe, with its world heritage "Great Bazaar", Tabriz metropolis is the administrative, communicational, historical, industrial and cultural hub of excellence in the region. The great bazaar of Tabriz, with its Islamic architecture is the biggest brick-made roofed bazaar of the world and was the heart of the Silk Road in the past.



Republic of Uzbekistan ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

Tashkent means "the city of stone" in Turkish. Owing to the special characteristics of the people, made up of numerous ethnic groups and religions, it is often called "the city of friendship and brotherly love." As an important Central Asian transportation and trade center, Tashkent has been an oasis of the Silk Road for the past 2,000 years.



Uzbekistan ~ Member of the LHC since 2011 ~

Termez is a city in southern Uzbekistan near the border with Afghanistan. The city is an administrative, economic and cultural centre of Surkhan-Darya province. Termez, built at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road, from the earliest times served as a link between North and South, East and West. For a long time various religions coexisted here.



Republic of Tunisia ~ Member of the LHC since 1994 ~

The Medina, or old city of Tunis, was founded in the late 7th century and grew up around the Zitouna Mosque. During the Hafsid dynasty (1207-1574), Tunis became a leading city of the Arab and Mediterranean worlds. Today Medina shelters historic buildings spanning 600 years or Arab and Turkish endowment.



Islamic Republic of Iran ~ Member of the LHC since 2014 ~

Yazd is the capital of Yazd Province, located in the center of Iran. The city has a history of over 3,000 years, dating back to the time of the Median Empire, when it was known as Ysatis (or Issatis). The city was definitely a Zoroastrian center during Sassanid times. Presently the dominant religion is Islam, but Zoroastrians are still living there. Yazd is of foremost importance as a center of Persian architecture. Because of its desert climate, it has one of the largest networks of Qanats (Persian invented water tunnels) in the world. The city was visited by Marco Polo in 1272, who remarked on the city's fine silk-weaving industry.