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Chronology of Kyoto

| History of Kyoto | The Advancement of Kyoto |

History of Kyoto

Date Era Occurrence
Until circa 500 Yamato The Hata clan move to the Sagano district and conduct successful flood control of the Katsura Rive
A large sluice is built on the Kazuno River
678 Founding of the Kamo Shrine (Kamigamo and Shimogamo)
794 Heian Emperor Kanmu moves the capital to Heian Kyo (Kyoto)
796 Kanmu orders the construction of the Touji Temple
805 Sakanoue no Tamuramaro establishes the Kiyomizudera Temple
874 Daigoji Temple on Mt. Kasatori is established by Priest Rigen Daishi
887 Emperor Uda establishes Ninnaji Temple
894 The practice of sending emissaries to study in China is abolished on recommendation from Sugawara-no-Michizane
circa 985 Women's literature flourishes with "Makura no Soushi" (pillow book)and "Genji Monogatari" (The tale of Genji)among others
circa 1096 Samurai rise in distinction
1156 Taira-no-Kiyomori, Minamoto-no-Yoshitomo and others attack the palace of retired emperor Sutoku (The Hogen Disturbance)
1159 Fujiwara-no-Nobuyori, Minamoto-no-Yoshitomo and others attack the palace of the retired emperor Go Shirakawa, in the vicinity of Sanjo and Karasuma Streets (The Heiji Disturbance)
1192 Kamakura Minamoto no Yoritomo is given the title of Shogun (Great General)
1205 Myoueshounin rebuilds Kozanji Temple
circa 1212 The popular "Heike Monogatari" (The tale of the Heike)is handed down
1221 Retired emperor Go Toba commands the overthrow of Shogunal regent, Hojo Yoshitoki. (The Jokyu Disturbance)
The shogunate establishes the shogunal deputies in Kyoto to maintain authority in the city
1335 Nanbokuchou "Presently in the capital night raids, robbery. and fraud are rife" and the like is written in graffiti on the wall where Nijo Street meets the Kamo River
1336 Kyoto is divided into North and South when Ashikaga Takauji installs Emperor Komyo to the Northern Court, while Emperor Godaigo is exiled and sets up a court in Yojino to the South
1338 Ashikaga Takauji becomes Shogun (Great General)
1339 Reconstruction of Saihoji Temple by Muso Soseki
Tenryuji Temple is founded by Ashikaga Takauji
1378 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu constructs the Muromachi Palace "Hana no Gosho"
** At this time the Kitayama culture prospers
1397 Muromachi Ashikaga Yoshimitsu founds Kitayamadai, which later becomes Kinkakuji Temple
1404 A messenger from Ming in China brings correspondence to Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, addressing him as the ruler of Japan
**At this time, Noh flourishes under Kanami and his son Zeami Indian Ink Painting, Tea Ceremony, Tachibana, Sarugaku and other arts become popular
1450 Hosokawa Katsumoto founds Ryouanji Temple
1467 Commencement of the Onin revolt (continues until 1477)
**At this time, the culture of Higashiyama prospers
1482 Ashikaga Yoshimasa begins the construction of Higashiyama Mountain Villa (Ginkakuji Temple)
**Painting is begun of the Rakuchu Rakugaizu Folding Screen
1500 Resurrection of the Gion Festival by the people of Kyoto
1550 Christian Missionary St. Francis Xavier comes to Kyoto
1568 Oda Nobunaga arrives in Kyoto to lend military support to Ashikaga Yoshiaki. Takes up position at Toji Temple
1573 Oda Nobunaga overthrows Ashikaga Yoshiaki and brings an end to the Muromachi Shogunate
1582 Adzuchi
/ Momoyama
Oda Nobunaga is assassinated by Akechi Mitsuhide(Honnoji Temple Incident)
**At this time, a series of land surveys is begun
1585 Toyotomi Hideyoshi is appointed as chief advisor to the Emperor
**At this time, the culture of Monoyama prospers
1587 Construction of Jurakudai Palace
1591 Hideyoshi Toyotomi moved Honganji Temple from Osaka to its present location, Nishihonganji Temple.
Hideyoshi Toyotomi remodeled Kyoto, building castle walls and creating a town of temples, Teramachi.
1594 Construction of Fushimi Castle
1596 The Great Keicho Earthquake causes extensive damage to Kyoto
1600 Battle of Sekigahara. Japan is brought under one rule by Tokugawa Ieyasu
1603 Edo Tokugawa Ieyasu becomes Shogun (Great General)of Japan and constructs Nijo Castle
Izumono Okuni launches Kabuki Dance at Kitano Shrine
1611 Suminokura Ryoi commences trenching of the Takase River
circa 1615 Kyoyaki ceramics is established in the Higashiyama district
1788 Most of the city of Kyoto was destroyed by the Great Fire of Tenmei.
1864 The Choshu feudal clan fought and lost against the armies of the various Aizu, Kuwana and Satsuma clans.(The Hamaguri-Gomon Incident)
Two thirds of Kyoto was reduced to ashes in the fires (“Dondon-yake”) which resulted from these battles.
1867 Assassination of Sakamoto Ryoma and Nakaoka Shintaro in Omiya Tokugawa Yoshinobu at Nijo Castle restores formal political power to the Emperor (Taisei Houkan)
1868 Meiji Shogunate forces are defeated by the army of the new Imperial Government (The Battle of Toba-Fushimi)Administration of the Kyoto region is transferred to Kyoto Prefecture
** For the continuation, please see " The Advancement of Kyoto"

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